These channels aren’t television channels, they’re trend channels, sometimes also called price channels.
Still, this doesn’t mean that you should walk away like it’s a commercial break. Channels can be just as exciting to watch as Tiger King or Keeping Up with the Kardashians!
Trend channels are just another tool in technical analysis that can be used to determine good places to buy or sell.
The upper trend line marks resistance and the lower trend line marks support. So both the tops and bottoms of channels represent potential areas of support or resistance.
Trend channels with a negative slope (down) are considered bearish and those with a positive slope (up) are considered bullish.
To create an up (ascending) channel, simply draw a parallel line at the same angle as an uptrend line and then move that line to a position where it touches the most recent peak. This should be done at the same time you create the trend line.
To create a down (descending) channel, simply draw a parallel line at the same angle as the downtrend line and then move that line to a position where it touches the most recent valley. This should be done at the same time you create the trend line.
When prices hit the LOWER trend line, this may be used as a buying area.
When prices hit the UPPER trend line, this may be used as a selling area.
Types of Trend Channels
There are three types of channels:
- Ascending channel (higher highs and higher lows)
- Descending channel (lower highs and lower lows)
- Horizontal channel (ranging)
Some traders prefer to use the terms “rising channel” for an ascending channel and “falling channel” for a descending channel. Most likely, Millenials.
Important things to remember about drawing trend channels:
When constructing a trend channel, both trend lines must be parallel to each other.
Generally, the bottom of the trend channel is considered a “buy zone” while the top of the trend channel is considered a “sell zone”.
Like in drawing trend lines, DO NOT EVER force the price to the channels that you draw!
A channel boundary that is sloping at one angle while the corresponding channel boundary is sloping at a different angle is not correct and could lead to bad trades.
When this happens, this chart pattern is no longer a trend channel but a triangle. (which you will learn about more later).
That said, trend channels don’t have to be completely parallel. Nor does 100% of price action have to fit within the channel.
A common mistake many traders make is that they only look for textbook price patterns.
They miss important information about price action and close their eyes to other important clues.
Notice the channel drawings below…